According to the caste-based census released by the Nitish Kumar government of Bihar, the share of Other Backward Classes (OBC) and Extremely Backward Classes (EBC) in the total population of the state is 63 percent. According to the data, the total population of the state is a little more than 13.07 crore, out of which EBC (36 percent) is the largest social class, followed by OBC (27.13 percent). The survey also said that the Yadav community included in the OBC group is the largest community in terms of population. This is 14.27 percent of the total population of the state. According to the survey, Scheduled Caste is 19.65 percent of the total population of the state, while Scheduled Tribe population is about 22 lakh (1.68 percent). People belonging to the ‘unreserved’ category constitute 15.52 per cent of the state’s total population, representing the ‘upper castes’ that dominated politics until the Mandal wave of the 1990s.
According to the survey, the Hindu community in the state is 81.99 percent of the total population, while the Muslim community is 17.70 percent. There is also a very small presence of people following Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism and other religions, as well as those following no religion, which is less than one percent of the total population. After the Bihar government released the caste-based census data, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar said on ‘X’, ‘The data of caste-based census conducted in Bihar has been published today on the auspicious occasion of Gandhi Jayanti. Many congratulations to the team engaged in the work of caste based enumeration. He said, ‘The resolution for caste-based enumeration was passed unanimously in the legislature.’ It was decided with the consent of all the nine parties of the Bihar Assembly that the state government would conduct the caste-based census with its own resources. Caste based census not only revealed the castes but also gave information about the economic condition of everyone. On this basis, further action will be taken for the development and upliftment of all sections.
Based on the caste-based census done in Bihar, the demand for such a census at the national level will be raised and the issue of participation in government institutions and organizations on the basis of numbers will also gain strength. The problem is that in this calculation nothing was mentioned about the details of the economic condition of different castes. After the independence of the country, the benefits of reservation became limited to only a few families or castes. The most backward people should get the benefit of reservation and the families whose three generations have taken the benefit of reservation and have occupied high positions and government jobs, who can also be called ‘creamy layer’ class, who are economically strong, are able to live in their own society. Are not ready to give up the benefits of reservation for the poor and backward classes. The time has come to think about this matter also.
Instead of creating a vote bank on the basis of caste based calculation, serious consideration should be given to how the poor, Dalit and backward sections of the society can be brought forward.
– Irwin Khanna (Chief Editor, Dainik Uttam Hindu)