Cinema in the shadow of Amir Khusro, read this interesting story

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Born in 1253 at Patiali in Kasganj district of present-day Uttar Pradesh, Abul Hasan Yaminuddin Khusro, i.e. Amir Khusro, was an eminent poet, poet, writer, singer and musician. He wrote in easy Urdu and Hindi, moving away from the Persian prevalent in that period. The credit for the prevalence of Hindi’s vertical dialect goes to Khusro only. The fame of ‘Qawwali’ genre of singing is also tied to Khusro. He created a new trend in music by mixing Indian and Iranian ragas beautifully. It is natural that cinema cannot remain untouched by the influence of such a personality.

Khusro’s creation ‘Lakhi babul me kahe ko dinhi bides’

In the year 1948, in ‘Suhaag Raat’, Khusro composed ‘Lakhi Babul mere kahe ko dinhi bides…’. The same song was in the form of ‘Kahe ko bayahi bades re sun babul more…’ in ‘Heer Ranjha’ that same year. . This song comes in the form of ‘Kahe ko bayahi bides, ho lakhi babul more…’ in ‘Nadirshah’ in 1968. In the year 1981, in Muzaffar Ali’s film ‘Umrao Jaan’ (1981), this song in the music of Khayyyam, became ‘Kahe Ko Byahe Bides, Are Lakhiya Babul More…’ in the voice of Khayyyam’s singer wife Jagjit Kaur.

Khusro’s Qawwali Style

Probably the first use of Khusro’s qawwali style in Hindi cinema is seen in PL Santoshi’s film ‘Barsaat Ki Raat’ (1960). In the qawwali ‘Neither is the caravan ki talash hai…’, Sahir Ludhianvi incorporated Khusro’s ‘It is very difficult, the path of Panghat ki, kaise main bhar laaoon madhwa se matki…’ by threading it in a different style and words. In Raj Khosla’s 1962 film ‘Ek Musafir Ek Haseena’, Mohammed Rafi, Asha Bhosle’s qawwali song ‘O Yaar Zulfon Wale…’, Asha wrote Khusro’s lines ‘Zaban-e-yaar man Turki, wa man Turki Nami Danam…’ which was beautifully sung by lyricist Shevan Rizvi in ​​this song.

Junoon, directed by Shyam Benegal

The film ‘Junoon’ (1978) directed by Shyam Benegal begins with ‘Khusro Rain Sohag Ki, Jagi Pi Ke Sang, Tan Mora Man Piu Ka, Dou Bhaye Ek Rang…’ written by Khusro. There are many more couplets of Khusro in this song, after which ‘Aaj Rang Hai, O Maa Rang Hai Ri…’ begins. This song ‘Aaj Rang Hai Ae Maa Rang Hai Ri…’ comes in the voice of Naseem Ajmeri in ‘Nek Parveen’ in 1982. Gulzar has also used it very well in the song ‘Jhin Min Jhinni…’ from Vishal Bhardwaj’s film ‘Maqbool’ (2004). This song also appears in Yogesh Mittal’s film ‘Yeh Faasle’ in 2011. In 2013, Farid Hassan sang Khusro’s lyrics in ‘I Don’t Love You’ in the guise of ‘Mohe Apne Hi Rang Mein Rang De Rangile…’. In the 2015 film ‘Bajrangi Bhaijaan’ directed by Kabir Khan, this song comes in the voice of the Nizami brothers in a special ‘Khusaravi’ style. ‘Chal Khusro Ghar Aapne…’ comes in the final scene of ‘Junoon’ (1978), which was inspired by Khusro’s ‘Gori Sowe Sej Par, Mukh Per Dare Kes…’.

Babul Mora Naihar Chhoto Hi Jaaye…,

Kundan Lal Sehgal sang a song ‘Babul Mora Naihar Chhuto Hi Jaye’ in ‘Street Singer’ in the year 1938, which is counted among the immortal songs of Hindi cinema. This song is believed to have been written by Nawab Wajid Ali Shah of Awadh. But some people also believe that it is actually composed by Amir Khusro which he wrote at the time of his daughter’s marriage. This song is also found in 1974’s ‘Avishkar’. In 1949’s ‘Badi Behan’, Qamar Jalalabadi wrote a Persian ghazal of Khusro in Hindi as ‘Woh paas rahe ya far rahe, nazron mein samay rehte hain…’. In the song ‘Man Saajan Ne Har Leena…’ in ‘Shabab’ in 1954, the lines based on Khusro’s writings ‘Jo main janti bisrat hain Saiya, Ghungta me aag laga deti…’ come. Pandit Bhimsen Joshi and Manna Dey’s ‘Ketki Gulab Juhi Champak Ban Phule’ sung in ‘Basant Bahar’ in 1956 is also based on Khusro’s composition.

‘Chaap tilak sab chhini re..’

‘Main Tulsi Tere Aangan’, which came in 1978, begins with ‘Saiya rooth gaye main manati rahi…’ written by Khusro, which was sung by famous thumri singer Shobha Gurtu. In this film, Khusro’s writing ‘Chaap tilak sab chhini re, mose naina milai ke…’ was also there. This song has also appeared in films many times in different ways. There is a song in ‘Umrao Jaan’ (1981) – ‘Pratham Dhar Dhyan Ganesh, Brahma Vishnu Mahesh….’ Despite being composed in a completely Muslim environment, in this song Ganesha, Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh along with Surya, Kanha, Mahadev And the praise of Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia makes this film stand on a different level. This is actually Amir Khusro’s own composition taken from the book ‘Halat-e-Kanhaiya’ written in praise of Shri Krishna. In this film also its music is in the same special ‘Khusaravi’ style. Its every antara is in a different raga. There is another song in this film whose lyrics are- ‘Jhula Kinne Dala Re Amraiyan….’ This was also sung by Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan.

‘How can I say, my friend, I feel ashamed…’

‘Chale Aao Saiyan Rangeele Main Vaari Re…’ in the 1982 film ‘Baazaar’ has been described as a ‘traditional’ song. Actually this is a song composed by Khusro which he wrote at the behest of his daughter Maimuna. The song ‘Jihal-e-maskin, makun-b-ranjish, bahal-e-hijra, bechara dil hai…’ from JP Dutta’s ‘Ghulami’ (1985) was composed by lyricist Gulzar Khusro. , Makun Tagaful, Duraye Naina, Banaye Batiyaan…’. In the 2005 release ‘Yahan’, the Qawwal Nizami brothers sang Khusro’s song ‘Kahun kaise sakhi mohe laaj lage…’. In a song in 2013’s ‘Raanjhanaa’, lyricist Irshad uses the line ‘Tu man shudi man tu shudham…’ written by Kamil Khusro. In this film, the riddles of Irshad Khusro’s ‘Ae Sakhi Saajan…’ are also brought in a different way in the form of the song ‘Batao batao hai kya yeh saheli…’. Babul (1986) had a song based on the style of Khusro’s riddles (called ‘Kah Mukriya’). The words ‘Kah Mukri’ also appear in the song ‘Uchi Atari Palang Bichaya…’. Javed Akhtar’s song ‘Chali Pee Ke Nagar…’ in ‘Sardari Begum’, which came in 1997, is actually based on Khusro’s composition. In 2003, ‘Chori-Chori’ was written by Khusro but Anand Bakshi wrote ‘Amma Mere Babul Ko Bhejo Ri…’. In the 2021 film ‘Shadisthan’, a song written by Khusro ‘Kripa Karo Maharaj Muinuddin…’ is heard.

TV serial named ‘Amir Khusro’

Apart from Hindi, Khusro’s Kalam was also used in Bengali and Bhojpuri cinema. His compositions were used in many films of Pakistan. Even in some Hollywood films, Khusro’s writing was used. In 2013, many of his compositions were included in the TV serial ‘Amir Khusro’ based on the life of Khusro on Doordarshan. In the 2018 film ‘Padmavat’ directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali, there was also the character of Khusro in Khilji’s court.

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