Continuous increase of desert is worrying


Water, forest and land are the main elements of nature, on which the life of the creature of this world depends. Nature is made of these three elements only. Nature is incomplete without these elements. Countries having abundance of these three elements are considered prosperous in the world. But in this era of modernization, due to indiscriminate exploitation of these resources, these elements are also in danger. Water sources have started shrinking. People are getting worried due to lack of water. Wildlife is in danger due to deforestation, many animal and plant species are on the verge of extinction. The productivity of the land has gone down. Still humans are not aware, and the efforts to destroy the earth and nature are continuing. Due to which increasing population, increasing pollution, destroying environment, ozone layer being perforated by contaminated gases, excessive exploitation of nature and environment have emerged as the biggest danger for the whole world. Every year the temperature of the earth is increasing. Population is increasing. The land is getting smaller. The problem of increasing barren land is continuously taking a formidable and gruesome shape. Cultivable land is getting less. The danger of desertification and drought is continuously increasing. The availability of each item is decreasing. There is a shortage of oxygen. Man’s opportunistic attitude and lifestyle is standing in front as a serious threat to the environment and nature. Droughts are increasing in frequency and severity due to land degradation and climate change. Drought, one of the most devastating natural disasters in terms of loss of life and property, causes widespread crop productivity loss, wildfires and water scarcity. This is the reason why World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed annually on 17 June with the aim of raising awareness about desertification and drought, and highlighting measures to prevent desertification and recover from drought. To combat desertification and drought, the United Nations General Assembly resolved to observe June 17 as World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought in the early 90s. And from 1995, World Desertification and Drought Day was celebrated every year on 17 June, designating it as International Day. On this day the United Nations, non-governmental organizations and countries of the world organize various programs to combat desertification and drought, raise public awareness, promote stronger community participation and cooperation, and educate people about how to effectively deal with these disasters. We do. For this a theme is decided every year. The theme of this year’s 2023 Desertification and Drought Prevention Day has been kept – Her land, her rights. It aims to focus on its land rights, namely women’s land rights, as an important component of achieving the global goals related to gender equality and land degradation neutrality by 2030 under its land theme. On this occasion, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification with these objectives of Desertification and Drought Day 2023 will reaffirm its commitment to gender equality. Raise awareness of the disproportionate impact of desertification, land degradation, and drought on women and girls and the barriers they face in decision-making on land issues Mobilize global support to advance the land rights of women and girls around the world will be attempted. The day will be celebrated globally this year at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, with a range of activities.

It is worth mentioning that through Desertification and Drought Day, the focus is on converting degraded land into healthy land globally. Restoring degraded land brings economic resilience. Jobs are created. Increases income as well as food security. This helps to recover biodiversity, sequester atmospheric carbon from warming Earth, and slow climate change. The number and duration of droughts increased by 29 percent since 2000, according to a United Nations report. An estimated 55 million people in the world are directly affected by drought every year. By 2050, drought could affect three-quarters of the world’s population. In the coming times, most people will be living in areas of extreme water scarcity. Between 1900 and 2019, drought affected 2.7 billion people in the world and killed 11.7 million people. The worrying thing about India is that India 26 out of 29 Indian states showed an increase in the rate of desertification during 2003–2005 and 2011–2013, according to the 2015 State of the Environment Report. The Indian Space Research Organization has assessed 21 out of 78 districts at high risk of drought that have more than 50 percent of their area under desertification. More than 80 percent of the country’s barren land is located in Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Telangana. India has resolved to repair 21 million hectares of degraded land by the year 2030. The main causes of desertification in India are water erosion 10.98 percent, wind erosion 5.55 percent, man-made/settlement 0.69 percent, vegetation erosion 8.91 percent, salinity 1.12 percent and others 2.07 percent.

Globally, 23 percent of land is no longer productive due to human activities, while 75 percent of land has been mostly converted from its natural state for agriculture. About three-quarters of Earth’s ice-free land has been altered by humans to meet the ever-increasing demand for food, raw materials, highways, and habitat.

This change in land use has accelerated significantly over the past 50 years. That is why barren, dry areas are expanding in the form of desert or desert, where vegetation is negligible. Here only plants with amazing ability to store water or get water from the very bottom of the earth can flourish. The extremely dry and hot conditions in this region are not suitable for any crop. In the state of Rajasthan, there are signs of continuous progress of the Thar Desert crossing the wall of the Aravalli ranges towards Jaipur, Alwar and Dausa districts of eastern Rajasthan in the ongoing project of Union Ministry of Environment and Indian Space Research Organization in Rajasthan is also a matter of serious concern. subject is. Till now, the Aravalli ranges have been doing the work of preventing the 3000 km long desert areas from spreading to Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. But due to continuous legal-illegal mining for some years, due to its elimination from many places, there has been a crack in them. The desert has been moving from west to east through those cracks and gaps. If this condition remains the same then it can reach Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh further. The growing desert is a matter of serious concern. Land and drought are known to cause more deaths and displace more people than any other natural disaster, with encroaching natural hazards with complex and wide-ranging social, economic and environmental impacts. There is a need to take strict steps to stop the threats hovering over the earth and the growing desert along with nature, environmental protection and pollution-free. For improved possibilities of water, forest, land and life, there is a need to keep the schemes related to desert development in high priority area. To deal with drought, to increase the ground water level, drinking water supply schemes should be put on the ground keeping in mind the long term.

Ashoka ‘the Elder’

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