Dr. Syama Prasad Mukherjee, the angel of national integration

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Bharatiya Janata Party, who spent his life fighting against communalism and protecting regional national integrity Dr. Syama Prasad Mukherjee, the founder of Bharatiya Jana Sangh, the parent party of India, sacrificed his life to prove that Jammu and Kashmir is a part of India’s integrity. If Jammu and Kashmir is a part of India today, it is because of the sacrifice of Dr. Mukherjee. Dr. Mukherjee was strongly opposed to Muslim appeasement. He strongly opposed Article 370, the special status granted to Jammu and Kashmir, and led calls for the state’s complete integration into India. If the then government had accepted the request of Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, then this land would not have been bleeding today.

He started his political career in 1929 and was elected as a Congress candidate to the Bengal Legislative Assembly. He resigned his seat in 1930 due to the boycott of the Legislature by the Congress. Although he disagreed with the party’s stand in principle, he stood for election again in the same year as an independent candidate and won his seat. Dr. Mukherjee was deeply influenced by Veer Savarkar’s ideology and work and became a member of the Hindu Mahasabha, where he held several high positions from 1943 to 1946. Dr. Mukherjee was engaged in efforts to stop the expansion and influence of the Muslim League’s communal influence and to unite the Hindus. That’s why the saffron flag was hoisted in Bengal as soon as Mukherjee took over the reins of the Hindu Mahasabha. Thus Dr. Mukherjee earned the credit of giving a non-communal government instead of the one dominated by the Muslim League and the Congress. In the same days there was a flood devastation in Midnapore, but the then Governor did not provide relief because the people of this area had participated in the Quit India Movement. In protest against this, Dr. Mookerjee resigned from the government in protest. He also rejected the post of minister and strongly condemned the British government. As a result, a ban was imposed on the publication of Dr. Mukherjee’s statements. After giving up his ministerial post, he devoted himself full time to famine relief work. He became a strong voice for the Hindus in Bengal. In 1941 he coordinated with Fazlul-Haq. And his Krishak Praja Party joined the government and became the finance minister in the Bengal cabinet. Along with him the Hindu Mahasabha was also successful in keeping the Muslim League out of power against the efforts of the Congress. When it became clear in 1946–47 that the partition of India was inevitable, he led a movement to ensure that the state of Bengal was not completely merged with Pakistan. He believed that such a step would be disastrous for the Hindus. Under his leadership, efforts to divide Bengal into West and East divisions succeeded and West Bengal was integrated with India and became a Hindu majority state.

When elections were announced in 1946, Nehru did not give any seat to Hindu Mahasabha despite Dr. Mookerjee’s request to Pt. Nehru to give some seats to Hindu Mahasabha to stop the influence of Muslim League. As a result, the influence of the Muslim League increased and the demand for the partition of India gained momentum. Till then, the emphasis on liberating Bengal started catching up, which Dr. Mukherjee strongly opposed and did not allow this to happen. Still the partition of India could not be stopped. And with the partition of the country came independence. Congress had a majority in the national government, but Dr. Mukherjee was the first among the 7 ministers who were non-Congressmen in the fourteen-member government, on the initiative of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. As Industries Minister, Dr. Mukherjee established Sindri Fertilizer Factory, Chittaranjan Rail Engine Factory and HMT. In 1949, millions of Hindus who were victims of riots in East Pakistan were forced to flee. Home Minister Sardar Patel proposed to ask for territory from Pakistan for them, but Nehru unheard and signed Liaquat Ali. Forgot the refugee Hindus. On this Dr. Mukherjee resigned from the National Government. After the Gandhi assassination in Bangladesh, the nationalists were wreaked havoc. For no reason, 17,000 volunteers were put in jail, but there was no discussion of these repression and oppression in any legislature or house. In this political perspective of the country, the Bharatiya Jana Sangh was established. In the elections of 1951, the Jana Sangh showed its mettle and stood at par with the four national parties. Pt. Nehru threatened to crush the Jana Sangh, while Dr. Mukherjee said that the Bharatiya Jana Sangh with its supremacy will one day crush the fascist mentality of the Congress. In the elections of 1951, the Jana Sangh became a national party by getting 3 percent votes. Dr. Mukherjee presented the idea of ​​a non-Congress front and formed a United Democratic Front, in which Jana Sangh, Socialist Party, Kisan Mazdoor, Praja Party participated. It was Dr. Mukherjee who paved the way for the emergence of Jana Sangh in national politics. Dr. Mukherjee strongly opposed giving special status to Jammu and Kashmir in India. Those who reached Jammu and Kashmir from India were given entry on the basis of special permits. Dr. Mukherjee started the movement to enter Jammu and Kashmir without permit, opposing the principle of two marks, two legislations and two heads in one country and announced forced entry on May 11, 1953. The Congress at the center and Sheikh Abdullah’s government in Jammu and Kashmir had already had a grudge against Dr. Mukherjee for being against Muslim appeasement by Dr. Mukherjee. That’s why the Sheikh Abdullah government arrested him at a place where the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court was not fixed. They were made to travel in a vehicle for the whole night and were detained in an isolated place. His death was announced by the Jammu and Kashmir government on 23 June. The whole country was shocked. People said that he was killed. Although he died in a hospital in Srinagar, the circumstances under which he died were very mysterious and till date that mystery has not been revealed. There is no possibility of this in the future also, because after the lapse of 70 years, there is no possibility of any evidence or proof being safe. Especially in the situation through which the entire Jammu and Kashmir region including Srinagar has been passing through this period. Dr. Mukherjee’s untimely demise is a tale of political rancor and brutality of the intolerant.

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