Farmers have worked hard to bring Madhya Pradesh out of the category of sick states.


In India, about 60 percent of the population still lives in rural areas and a large part of them is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. If the income of citizens living in rural areas starts increasing, then India’s economic growth rate can be increased to more than 10 percent every year. With this in mind, the Central Government has been continuously trying to double the income of farmers. In this context, every effort has been made to double the income of farmers by implementing many policies and reform programs. In April 2016, a ministerial committee was also constituted by the Central Government in this regard and seven sources were identified to increase the income of farmers, these include, increasing the productivity of crops, increasing the productivity of livestock. , reducing the cost of production of agricultural activities while achieving efficiency in the use of resources, increasing the intensity of cropping, encouraging farmers for high value farming (diversification of farming), providing remunerative prices to farmers for their produce and To divert surplus labor force from agricultural sector to non-agricultural occupations. In all the above mentioned areas, many measures taken by the Central Government have now started showing positive results and in many states, the standard of living of the farmers is improving, the spending capacity of the farmers has increased and overall now the farmers of the country are Confidence has increased. In this context, farmers in Madhya Pradesh have also made every effort to come forward and contribute significantly to the development of the state.

Till a few years ago, Madhya Pradesh was counted among the sick states of the country. Apart from Madhya Pradesh, three other states were also included in the category of BIMARU states, namely, Bihar, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. These states were called BIMARU states because the growth rate of GDP in these states was very low and due to the average per capita income being very low, the number of people living below poverty was also very high. Due to this, the rate of illiteracy was high in these regions, there was complete lack of medical and other facilities in the villages and the population growth rate in these regions was also comparatively high. Overall, these states were caught in such adverse circumstances that increasing the rate of development in these states was a very difficult task, hence they were called BIMARU states.

The economic system of Madhya Pradesh is also mainly based on agriculture sector. About two-thirds of the population in the state lives in villages and about 54 percent of the population here is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. During the year 2005-06 to 2014-15, Madhya Pradesh has achieved an average growth rate of 9.7 percent in the agriculture sector. During the subsequent 5 years, the average growth rate in the agriculture sector has increased to 14.2 percent per year. This is the highest growth rate achieved in the agriculture sector among all the states in the entire country.

Today Madhya Pradesh has come to the first place in the country in the production of many products. For example, orange (Madhya Pradesh’s share in the total production of the country is about 30 percent), gram (about 45 percent), soybean (about 57 percent), garlic (about 32 percent) and tomato (about 16 percent) Madhya Pradesh has come to the first position in production in the entire country. Madhya Pradesh also ranks first in the country in pulses and oilseeds production with a contribution of 24 percent and 25 percent respectively.

Similarly, Madhya Pradesh ranks second in the entire country in the production of wheat (about 19 percent), onion (about 15 percent), green peas (about 20 percent), guava (about 14 percent) and maize (about 12 percent). But it has arrived. Also, Madhya Pradesh has come third in the country in the production of coriander (about 19 percent), red chilli (about 7 percent), mustard and milk. Overall, Madhya Pradesh contributes about 7.7 percent to India’s total food grain production. Today Madhya Pradesh ranks second in the entire country after Uttar Pradesh in terms of food production.

Madhya Pradesh government has actually provided many types of facilities to the farmers in rural areas, due to which Madhya Pradesh has made all-round development in the field of agriculture. First of all, irrigation facilities have been made available in villages on a large scale. The average irrigation facilities in Madhya Pradesh in the year 2000-01 was 24 percent, which was much less than the national level average of 41.2 percent. But due to the Government of Madhya Pradesh working in mission mode in this area, the average level of irrigation facilities increased to 42.8 percent in the year 2014-15, which came very close to the national average of 47.8 percent. Today this average has come even further and the irrigation potential in the state has exceeded 47 lakh hectares. Also, whenever farmers require electricity while sowing and harvesting their crops, it is made available at the right time on priority basis. Today, almost 24 hours electricity is available in most of the villages of Madhya Pradesh. On top of all this, all the villages of the state have been connected with roads available 24 hours in all seasons. Today the length of roads in Madhya Pradesh has exceeded 5 lakh kilometers. At the same time, special bonus has been provided to the farmers by the state government on the purchase of wheat, due to which the farmers have been motivated to sow the wheat crop and Madhya Pradesh has come second in the country in the production of wheat. Is. Madhya Pradesh has also made unprecedented progress in the storage capacity of agricultural products, due to which there has been a significant reduction in the losses of these products.

With the aim of increasing the crop of various agricultural products in Madhya Pradesh, groups of specific products have been developed at the district level, due to which the production of that particular product has started increasing very rapidly in these districts. For example, orange cultivation has been encouraged in districts like Mandsaur, Neemuch, Rajgarh, Shajapur, Dewas, Sihore etc. With the aim of increasing guava cultivation, clusters have been developed in the districts of Morena, Sheopur, Ratlam, Ujjain, Shajapur, Sihore, Sagar, Vidisha, etc. Similarly, for the production of banana, districts like Burhanpur, Khargone, Barwah, Khandwa, Harda, Dhar, etc. have been developed. For potato production, groups have been formed in the districts of Morena, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Rajgarh, Shajapur, Ujjain, Indore, Dewas etc. With the aim of increasing the production of green peas, groups have been formed in the districts of Gwalior, Datia, Sagar, Jabalpur, Narsinghpur, Seoni, Chhindwara etc. Similarly, for the products like red chilli, coriander, garlic, mango, pomegranate, onion, tomato, etc., various districts of the state have been developed as clusters for that crop. Due to this method, the production of these fruits, vegetables etc. in the state has increased at a very fast pace.

Madhya Pradesh has made all-round progress not only in terms of production but also in terms of export of agricultural products. Sharbati wheat produced in Madhya Pradesh has today established its influence in the entire world. Similarly, the demand for fruits and vegetables produced in Madhya Pradesh like orange, mango, guava, banana, pomegranate, onion, tomato, potato, pea, garlic, red chilli, coriander, soybean, gram, etc. is now increasing globally. Is. Export of all products from Madhya Pradesh has crossed the level of Rs 65,000 crore.

Mainly western nations in the world have resorted to industrial development to accelerate the growth rate of GDP. It is also said in economics that after the agriculture sector becomes developed, a rapid growth in GDP can be registered only with the help of industrial development and service sector. But, the state of Madhya Pradesh has shown a different path and has succeeded in registering a rapid growth in its GDP by achieving a growth rate of more than 14 percent in the agriculture sector for 5 consecutive years in the period before the Corona epidemic. Have pie. Mainly with the help of progress made in the agriculture sector, the gross domestic product of Madhya Pradesh has increased to Rs 9.37 lakh crore in the year 2019-20. Per capita income has also now increased to Rs 140,000 per year. The growth rate of GDP of Madhya Pradesh has been higher than the growth rate of national GDP during the last 10 years.

Overall, Madhya Pradesh has created the infrastructure for incomparable development in the agricultural sector, due to which it is becoming easier for the farmers from growing their crops to selling them in the market. The capital expenditure of Madhya Pradesh state was only Rs 6,832 crore in the year 2007, which is going to increase to Rs 56,000 crore this year.

-Prahlad Sabnani

Retired Deputy General Manager

state Bank of India

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