Global Warming And Climate Change What Effect On Earth And India Temperature Rise From Mountain To Ocean


New Delhi/Seema Javed: According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the effects of the Earth’s warming are clearly visible from mountain peaks to the depths of the ocean. Climate change and because of it the pace of global warming has not stopped. Antarctic sea ice has fallen to its lowest extent on record, and the melting of some European glaciers is beyond count. A recent report has revealed that around 10,000 emperor penguin young chicks may die due to global warming by the end of 2022. Because the sea ice they were on melted and broke. Because of their young age, these chicks had not yet developed the waterproof feathers necessary for swimming in the Antarctic Ocean. That’s why they drowned when the ice melted.

According to a study published in the journal Global Change Biology, if greenhouse gas emissions continue to grow at this rate, 98 percent of emperor penguin populations could disappear by the 21st century due to melting Antarctic ice due to rising temperatures. As greenhouse gas emissions increase, climate change accelerates and populations around the world are severely affected by extreme weather and climate events.

crores of people are getting affected

For example, persistent drought in East Africa in 2022, record-breaking rainfall in Pakistan and record-breaking heatwaves in China and Europe affect hundreds of millions of people. This led to food insecurity and mass migration. The loss due to this is in billions of dollars. In the last 1.25 lakh years, this year in 2023, the month of July was the hottest. In such a situation, the sea surface temperature was also the warmest worldwide.

With an extended lifetime of 13 days and 3 hours due to climate change-induced global warming, Biparjoy became the second longest-duration cyclone over the North Indian Ocean. Its slow motion at an average speed of 7.7 kmph loaded it with more moisture and prolonged its contact with land, contributing to its intensity and devastation upon landfall. The indelible mark of climate change and global warming was also seen on the monsoon in India.

What is happening on India

Western Himalayas and neighboring northwestern plains were affected by extremely heavy rainfall events from 8-13 July. Himachal Pradesh bore the brunt, with over 50 landslides within a week. Ten days of torrential rain from 18–28 July lashed the west coast, affecting states such as Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka. Telangana and Andhra Pradesh also faced floods from 26–28 July.

As India grapples with the complexities of a changing climate, the socio-economic impacts of extreme weather events are becoming apparent. From crop damage to rice bans to skyrocketing tomato prices, the effects of these weather-induced disruptions are across the country. As climate change intensifies, so will global warming. As a result, scientists predict that extreme events such as floods, heatwaves and cyclones will become more frequent and severe.

Seema Javed, author is a senior columnist and writes on environmental issues.

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