glorification of cruelty and bigotry


In Maharashtra’s Kolhapur and Ahmednagar, glorification of Aurangzeb and humiliation of Chhatrapati Shivaji has led to tension in other parts of the state, as other parts of the state continue to glorify the most ruthless and hardline ruler of the Mughal dynasty. Due to this tension spread in Nashik and Beed as well. No one knows when this cycle will stop, but it can be easily known that there is no dearth of people who glorify Aurangzeb in this country. The mindset under which Aurangzeb is glorified is the same, due to which Pakistan names its missiles after their forefathers like Ghaznavi, Ghori, Abdali, Babur and Taimur etc. Some foolish Pakistanis even believe that the foundation of Pakistan was laid only when Muhammad bin Qasim invaded Sindh and imposed Jizya (Jizya) on non-Muslims. To avoid the havoc of Jijiya, many people accepted Islam under compulsion. Today the descendants of such people sing the songs of Muhammad bin Qasim. Some people with similar mindset do not only praise Aurangzeb in India, but also praise other Islamic invaders and looters. This is when the stories of his cruelty are not hidden from anyone. Such people do not like rulers like Akbar, because he was relatively liberal among the Mughal rulers. Such people also do not like personalities like Rahim, Raskhan, Jayasi, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Abdul Hameed, APJ Abdul Kalam etc. They don’t even put them to grass, but that Aurangzeb deserves respect for them, who destroyed the fleet of Mughal rule with his foolish policies full of frenzy.

Ruthless Aurangzeb not only became the reason for the downfall of the Mughal rule, but was also known as an evil ruler because of his cruelty. He imprisoned his father Shah Jahan and killed his real brothers Murad and Dara Shikoh. He also sought the life of another of his brothers, Shah Shuja, forcing him to flee to the Arakan region of Burma. There he was killed by the tribesmen. At one time Aurangzeb took Murad and Shuja with him by assuring them that they would be given bigger jagirs after getting Dara out of the way, but he had no such intention. Aurangzeb gave the most painful death to Dara. After being defeated by Aurangzeb at Samugarh near Agra, Dara fled to Afghanistan. There an associate of Aurangzeb arrested him by deceit. After this he handed it over to Aurangzeb. Dara was brought to Delhi and made to sit on an old and feeble elephant. His procession was taken out on the streets of Delhi. To insult him, he was dressed in dirty clothes and mud was thrown on his body. Italian traveler Nicolo Manucci has described all this in detail in his book ‘Storia do Mogor’. He was in Delhi those days. Nicolo writes that ‘Dara was imprisoned after being humiliated on the streets of Delhi. In captivity, Aurangzeb’s soldiers brutally killed him in front of his son. His severed head was washed and presented before Aurangzeb, so that he could be convinced that it was his brother’s head that had been brought before him. His head, placed on a platter and covered with a cloth, was taken to Shah Jahan as a gift. Shahjahan was happy after getting the information about the gift sent by Aurangzeb that finally his son remembered him. When Shah Jahan removed the cloth from the dish, Dara’s severed head was in it. Seeing this, Shah Jahan fell down after gasping. After all, how can any right thinking person glorify such a cruel ruler?

There is no dearth of stories of Aurangzeb’s cruelty. He killed Guru Teg Bahadur and three of his followers – Bhai Mati Das, Sati Das and Dayal Das in a very cruel and gruesome manner. His ‘fault’ was only that he had refused to accept Islam. Aurangzeb has a notoriety also because he got all the big and ancient temples destroyed. Among them are the temples of Kashi and Mathura. In addition, he imposed Jizya on Hindus and other non-Muslims. It is to be known that Akbar had abolished Jizya during his reign. Aurangzeb’s side effect of imposing Jizya was that discontent flared up against him. He had to face frequent rebellions from Marathas, Jats and Rajputs. He could never overcome these rebellions. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was always in his nose. Some people defend Jijia by saying that it was a kind of tax. This is an outright lie. Jizya was not any kind of tax, it was a weekly collection made in return for the safety of the lives of non-Muslims. There was a condition on the payer of jizya that he would repay it after being humiliated. People had to come barefoot to pay it. If Aurangzeb had not been so cruel and bigoted about the fanatical Islamic beliefs, the history of India would have been different. Its glorification is a matter of shame for a civilized society.

Courtesy: Dainik Jagran
-Rajeev Sachan

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