Heavy rains and floods wreak havoc in North India


After the heavy flood in Assam in the Northeast, now many states of North India are facing the havoc of heavy rains and floods. Many places are submerged in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan and Delhi. Many people have died so far due to heavy rains and landslides. Rain continues to wreak havoc in many states of North India. Terrible pictures of rain and floods are coming out from these states. Vehicles are seen flowing in the strong current of water. Water is rapidly entering inside the houses. Due to the overflowing rivers, the embankments are breaking and the houses are seen collapsing like cards.

Many areas in the capital Delhi have been waterlogged. There is a preparation to evacuate at least 30 thousand people. Yamuna river has crossed the danger mark. The maximum devastation due to rain has happened in Himachal Pradesh. Incessant rains, damaged houses, bridges and roads have brought life to a standstill. Many houses and shops have been washed away due to flash floods in Manali Kullu, Kinnaur, Chamba and Mandi.Ravi, Beas, Sutlej, Swan and Chenab in the state Including all the major rivers are in spate. Heavy rains in Uttarakhand have blocked many roads in the hilly areas. Many villages have been cut off from the district headquarters. The increase in natural disasters due to changing weather patterns, environmental degradation and loss of biodiversity is not only destroying agriculture, but now it is affecting humans as well.

New forms of side effects of climate change are being seen. For the last several decades, scientific research has been warning us about the dangers of climate change and giving information about the changes in weather etc. due to them and the harm caused to humans and economies. But in a new study, scientists have tried to find out how much climate change has affected the world so far and what changes have come from it. This question has also become more relevant because recently there has been a rapid increase in extreme weather events across the world. Western US, East Africa, China and northern Mexico are experiencing severe droughts. Terrible destruction has been seen in Pakistan and some American areas. In addition to drought and flooding, Europe and the Pacific Northwest are experiencing severe heatwaves, with heatwaves wreaking havoc. Events such as devastating storms in southern Africa, intense hurricanes in the US have made an unprecedented appearance in the form of extreme weather. Scientists had predicted them a long time ago. From countries like China, India and Pakistan to countries like Europe and Africa, the bad effect of climate change is being seen continuously. In the recent situation, Pakistan is considered to be the nearest victim of this raging fury. Last year historic rains and floods shook everyone in the neighboring country of Pakistan. With millions of people badly injured and affected, over 1000 deaths were officially confirmed by the government. The country’s Climate Change Minister Sherry Rahman described the current situation as a ‘climate-induced humanitarian disaster’. Sardar Sarfaraz, a senior official at the Meteorological Office, said that in the month of July, Pakistan recorded rainfall that was almost 200 per cent more than the national average. In this way, July 22 has become the wettest year since 1961.

Between 1901 and 2018, India has seen a steady rise in temperature with an increase of 0.7 °C. At the same time, in May 2022, severe heat was recorded in India and neighboring country Pakistan. In some parts of both the countries, mercury crossed the limit of 51 degree Celsius. According to weather researchers, such heat waves are expected to reach 100 times further under climate change. According to a report by GiveIndia, there is a lot of research as evidence, which suggests that summers in India have become hotter, more dangerous and longer-lasting. At the same time, many scientists have claimed that the situation is likely to get worse. According to studies, the frequency of heat waves in India in the months of April to June may increase three to four times by the end of the 21st century. This has been detected by comparing the temperature for the period 1976 to 2005. Along with this, there is a possibility of doubling the average duration of these heat waves, the effect of which can be seen all over India. However, the impact may be greater in the Gangetic plains than in the rest of the country.

With more than 70 days of continuous rising temperatures and falling rainfall levels, China has recorded the worst drought in its history. This type of situation has been recorded in southern China after about 60 years and for the longest period. Europe felt such a terrible situation after almost 500 years. It is being said that such extreme heat was felt in Europe for the last time in 1540. Due to the drought during that time, thousands of people had died. This year, along with drought, record-breaking heat waves have been recorded in many countries of the world, due to which the temperature has increased to historical levels.

The consequences of this temperature rise are looking shocking. Due to heat and drought, water transport has been badly affected. Along with this, its negative effect has also been seen on the power generation. Rising demand and falling production have also seen record increases in energy prices, which have already reached high prices due to the war-like situation in Ukraine. In many countries the prices of food items are skyrocketing and in many places drinking water is being supplied like rationing. The details of the damage caused by this type of catastrophic situation that arose after 500 years are not yet complete. But its impact is expected to be far worse than anything or event experienced in the recent past. Also, the country and the world may have to suffer this effect for a very long time.

The year 2022 was unprecedented in terms of the impact of climate change. Many such incidents took place in it which created new records which were never made in history. The world witnessed unprecedented outbreaks of droughts, floods, hurricanes, wildfires, heat waves and snow storms. All the continents of Asia, Europe, America, etc were affected in different ways by these. This year has seen many unprecedented effects of climate change and just as climate scientists were anticipating. This time we got to see outbreaks that wreaked havoc more than expected. This year the world has seen extreme droughts, catastrophic floods, and more deadly wildfires, extreme storms. Scientists around the world have urged governments not to rule out such extreme climate events next year and expect them to be dangerous, rapid and severe, if serious efforts are not made towards net zero goals. can be done.

(The author is former assistant editor of Hindi Encyclopedia.)
, Nirankar Singh

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