How can there be different laws according to different religions in a country?

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There has also been such a phobia regarding the Uniform Civil Code that efforts are being made to divide the country’s politics into religions. The politics of polarization is happening fiercely in politics. It would be better if the Muslim society removes its misconceptions.

A unique environment is being created for the establishment of equality in the golden age of independence, for this there is a lot of talk about equal civil law at present. This is the great need of India. Equality is a universal, timeless and universal democratic value. Uniform law is required for establishment of this value. As long as any person, class, community, caste of the nation suffers the discrimination of legal provisions, the dream of national unity, awakening the consciousness of one nation cannot be fulfilled. Uniform Civil Code is actually based on the concept of one country one law. Under the Uniform Civil Code, a single law system is proposed for people of all religions, sects and communities of the country. On June 14, 2023, the Law Commission of India has invited suggestions from all the religious organizations of the country on this politically sensitive issue within 30 days. After the Law Commission invited suggestions on the Uniform Civil Code, the debate on it has once again started raging. In Uniform Civil Code i.e. Uniform Civil Code, uniform law is to be made for all regarding acquisition and operation of property, marriage, succession, divorce and adoption etc.

There has also been such a phobia regarding the Uniform Civil Code that efforts are being made to divide the country’s politics into religions. The politics of polarization is happening fiercely in politics. It would be better if the Muslim society removes its misconceptions. Although the Indian Constitution has given freedom to everyone to follow and propagate their religion. Religions may be different but the country is one. In such a situation, it is also necessary to raise the question that how can different laws be justified according to different religions in a country, then why the ruckus? The Muslim of the country is also a part of the society, if the practice of presenting it in this form comes into practice, then the divisive thoughts can be curbed. But some political parties of our country inspired the Muslims to keep them in such an illusion that they also started thinking like this, while the truth is that today’s Muslims did not come from outside, they are from India only. Due to circumstances, his forefathers became Muslims. All of them are still Indian by nature and Sanatani in thought, but the political parties of the country are not giving opportunity to Muslims to express this Sanatani feeling due to their political benefits and vote bank.

India is a country full of diversities. People who believe in different sects and methods of worship live here. All of them have rules, regulations and laws according to their religion for getting married, adopting a child, dividing property, giving divorce and giving alimony for the life of a divorced woman after divorce, etc. These rules, regulations and laws are called personal law. When the British came to India and saw this diversity, at that time they felt that it was necessary to have a uniform civil code to run the country smoothly. When he tried to do this, people of all religions opposed it. In such a situation, he did not think it right to get involved with anyone to keep his feet here for a long time. Under these circumstances, in 1860, he implemented the Indian Penal Code but not the Indian Civil Code. That is, implemented one country-one penal code, but did not do the responsible and courageous work of implementing one country-one civil code. The governments formed after that only followed the thinking and policies of the British, so they too did not implement it for their political interests. Ever since Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of the country, he has given new light and breath to the nation by taking such bold decisions in national interest.

Today, when India is moving towards becoming a world guru, India is presiding over the G-20 countries under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the world has accepted India’s non-violence and yoga, events like World Yoga Day and World Non-Violence Day were organized Is. In view of all these positive situations, it is expected to remove the discrepancies related to India’s law. Because in many countries of the world Uniform Civil Code is followed. But in India, such a game of appeasement was played for political gains, which is destroying the philosophy of unity in diversity and Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam. Due to personal laws, situations of discrepancy are also arising at some places. Community events are also seen from a political point of view, this view of the event is actually going to promote class distinction.

At present we are seeing that some people are opposing the Uniform Civil Code, while women of Muslim society are coming forward to support this law. In 1985, after the Shah Bano case, the issue of Uniform Civil Code came into limelight. The Supreme Court had ordered maintenance allowance to Shah Bano’s ex-husband after the divorce. The court had also said in its decision that the Uniform Civil Code should be applicable in personal law. The then Rajiv Gandhi government had passed the bill in Parliament to overturn the decision of the Supreme Court. Supporters of this law believe that separate laws for different religions put a burden on the judiciary. With the implementation of the Uniform Civil Code, this problem will be overcome and the cases pending for years in the courts will be decided soon. There will be same law for everyone in marriage, divorce, adoption and division of property, irrespective of religion. Due to the implementation of uniform law on every Indian in the country, the politics of the country will also be affected and political parties will not be able to do vote bank politics and there will be no polarization of votes. With the implementation of the Uniform Civil Code, the condition of the women of India will also improve. Women’s rights are limited in the personal law of some religions. Not only this, the same rules will apply in cases like women’s right to their father’s property and adoption.

The intention of the constitution makers was that instead of separate laws for different religions, one ‘Indian Civil Code’ should be applicable to all citizens irrespective of religion, caste, language, region and gender. But whenever there is talk of Uniform Civil Code in India, it is opposed on the ground that it is an attempt to target a particular class. Different types of sophistry have started being given against this. According to Congress General Secretary Jairam Ramesh, Law Commission’s initiative on Uniform Civil Code is the agenda of polarization of Modi government. Does he want to say that the framers of the constitution had written in Article 44 that it is the duty of the government to implement a uniform civil code for all the citizens of the country under some agenda of polarisation? The Congress, while considering this question, should be ashamed that even after ruling for the longest time after independence, it could not comply with the will of the framers of the Constitution in the matter of Uniform Civil Code.

If we think about this in Indian spirit, then it will naturally be seen that uniform civil law will become an important basis for the development of the country and society. If we look at it with the narrow mind of a Hindu-Muslim, then even if there are no flaws, flaws will be visible. The present government is in favor of giving equal rights to every citizen in the whole country. Be it male or female. Be it a Hindu or a Muslim or a citizen of any other religion. If this happens only then it will be possible to establish social harmony in the country. How will the golden dream of Lok Rajya, Swarajya, Surajya, Ramrajya be realized on the foundation of discriminatory law and order? Here everyone is busy building their own empire.

-Lalit Garg

(The author is a senior journalist and columnist)

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