Obesity and underweight – uttamhindu.com


Obesity and underweight both are forms of malnutrition and are harmful to people’s health in many ways. Obesity rates among children and adolescents worldwide are projected to quadruple the 1990 rate in 2022, according to an analysis of global data from the NCD Risk Factors Collaboration (NCD-Risk) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Among adults, obesity rates more than doubled in women and nearly tripled in men, the study said. According to the study, in 2022, 15 crore 90 lakh children and adolescents and 87 crore 90 lakh adults will be struggling with the problem of obesity. According to the study, there has been a decline in the number of underweight children and adolescents in the world from 1990 to 2022. Worldwide, the proportion of adults who are underweight has more than halved over the same period. This latest study provides a comprehensive picture of global trends in both forms of malnutrition over the past 33 years. According to Professor Majid Ezzati of Britain’s ‘Imperial College London’, it is very worrying that the obesity epidemic, which was clearly visible among adults in most parts of the world in the 1990s, is now visible even among school-going children and adolescents.

Additionally, millions of people still suffer from malnutrition, especially in some of the poorest parts of the world. To successfully tackle both forms of malnutrition, it is important that we increase the availability of healthy and nutritious foods and make them affordable. Researchers analyzed the weight and height of more than 22 crore people aged five and older, representing more than 190 countries, for the study. More than 1,500 researchers contributed to this study. They analyzed BMI to understand how obesity and underweight have changed around the world between 1990 and 2022.

According to Dr. Anil Sood, a pediatrician in Jalandhar, obesity among children in India is increasing so rapidly that WHO (World Health Organization) has put our country at risk for high rates of childhood obesity. It is estimated that by 2030, 1 in every 10 children suffering from obesity will be from India, the third highest number after China and the US. A report published in The Lancet in March 2024 revealed that while obesity has increased 4.5 times globally by 2022 compared to 1990, it has increased 30 times in India. While 4 lakh children were suffering from obesity in the country in 1990, their number will increase to 1.25 crore in 2022. So why worry about these statistics? Obesity is not about having cute, chubby children, it is a chronic problem that does not respond well to treatment and occurs again and again.

It causes many non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as diabetes, hypertension, fatty liver and abnormal lipid profiles. Over time, it can lead to psychological problems, bone deformities, sleep apnea (breathing automatically stops and then starts again during sleep), poor performance in school, and even an increased risk of cancer. Therefore, we urgently need to address what causes obesity and how to prevent it at all levels – especially among children, who are our future. According to a research, India is at third place in this global threat list of top 10 countries with the highest number of people suffering from obesity. America is first and China is second. An alarming 70 percent of India’s urban population is obese or overweight. About 56 percent of the population in Chandigarh and 49 percent of older adults in Punjab are obese.

Experts and researchers believe that obesity can cause high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, heart disease, diabetes, gall bladder disease, stroke, osteoporosis, cancer, fatty liver, breathing disorders, stress, anxiety, depression and mood changes. goes.

Our ancestors gave great importance to diet. He believed that as is the food, so are the emotions and emotions are the basis of human behaviour. Knowing that lack of proper diet has adverse effects on humans at both mental and physical levels, if we do not pay attention to our diet, it directly means that we are not our well-wishers but our own enemies. They are enemies not only of themselves but also of their family and society.

Only a mentally and physically healthy person can take the family, society and country forward. If you love yourself, your family and society, then pay attention to your diet.

-Irwin Khanna, Editor-in-Chief, Dainik Uttam Hindu.

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