Rani Jhansi’s sword shines in year 55


The East India Company came as a merchant, with the policy of divide and rule, the Indian company became brave and some native kings who enjoyed the facilities kept wagging their tails in front of them. The country was in agony due to the atrocities of the company, but there was no one to save it. In such an environment, Mangal Pandey attained martyrdom by firing the first shot and awakened the country and put it on the right path. Every person of the country was feeling that dreams of subordination are not happiness, so the whole country dreamed of breaking the shackles of subordination and breathing happiness in an independent nation and sacrificed everything for it.

How deep the yearning for freedom has become, it can also be estimated from the sacrifice of Ajijan Bai. She was a Varangana (dancer) of Kanpur, but when the spark of revolution reached Kanpur rising from Meerut and Delhi, Ajijan Bai became a heroine. She formed the Mastani Mahila Mandali and also became the main heroine of Rani Jhansi Lakshmi Bai’s freedom struggle. Manikarnika, daughter of Mr. Moro Pant and Bhagirathi Bai, grew up as Manu and Chhabili in the Bithoor fort of Bajirao Peshwa II, and valor was filled in her every pore. Tantya Tope was the guru form of Manu. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan wrote for him-

Kanpur’s maternal grandfather’s sister was Chhabili
Name Lakshmibai, she was the only child of her father.
used to study with nana, she played with nana
Spear, Shield, Saber, Katari were his only friends.

Manu’s mother left him in his childhood and his father raised him as a mother and narrated the stories of heroes like Shivaji. Seeing her, it seemed as if she was the embodiment of valor herself and when she used to play hunting in childhood, create fake battle lines, even the Marathas used to be thrilled to see the blows of her swords and it was said that she is the incarnation of Durga. . In course of time and according to the then customs, Manu was married to Gangadhar Rao, the king of Jhansi. She became the queen, but her husband was always immersed in luxury. A son was also born to Lakshmibai, but he left the world only after three months. Meanwhile, Raja Gangadhar Rao also went to heaven and the then Governor General Lord Dalhousie got a chance to usurp Jhansi state. Although the queen adopted a son during her husband’s lifetime, who was named Damodar Rao, the British rulers refused to accept the adopted child as the heir. When the order was given to the queen to leave Jhansi after taking pension, then as if the soul of India thundered from the mouth of the queen, she said – I will not give up my Jhansi. After this there was a military revolution, Maharani Jhansi bravely led the war. In this freedom sacrifice, Rani’s brave companions Tantya Tope, Azimullah, Ahmed Shah Maulvi, Raghunath Singh, Jawahar Singh, Ramchandra etc. fought bravely and were martyred.

Lakshmibai’s great strength was her friends, who were not only able soldiers, but became generals, after marriage, the queen made all the maids of the palace friends, not maids. Taught him the art of warfare. Among these, the names of Sundar, Mundar, Motibai, Malti Bai, Juhi etc. are notable and also the names of gunners like Gaus Khan and Khuda Baksh cannot be forgotten, who supported Veer Rani for freedom till the last breath. The British would never have been able to capture the fort of Jhansi, if a traitorous groom had not given way to the British. For 12 days, from the fort of Jhansi, the queen kept giving competition to the British with a handful of army. But it is the misfortune of the country that the kings of Gwalior and Tikamgarh helped the British army. Rani’s own military officer’s bridegroom met the British, otherwise Jhansi would never have gone into the hands of the British. In this war, the queen fought fiercely with General Hugh Rose. Lieutenant Walker also ran away after being injured by the queen, but in the end the queen had to leave the fort of Jhansi through a secret route. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan writes –

Rani Badhi Kalpi came, crossing hundred miles continuously,
The horse got tired and fell on the ground and went to heaven.
The British again lost to the queen on the banks of the Yamuna.
The victorious queen went ahead, occupied Gwalior.

He sought cooperation from Maharaj Scindia of Gwalior and Nawab of Banga, but they did not agree. As a result, the queen attacked the artillery of Gwalior. The freedom-loving soldiers of Gwalior supported them, victory was also achieved, but Rao Saheb, accustomed to being engrossed in melody, started celebrating the victory, but the queen took some soldiers along with her two brave friends Kashibai and Malti Bai Lodhi. Took over the front of the eastern door. On 17 June, General Hugh Rose attacked Gwalior. Even the powerful army of the British could not break the formation of the queen. General Smith was following Rani with artillery and troops from behind. Rani’s soldier friend Mundar was also martyred in this struggle. The queen was running the horse, suddenly a stream came in front of her. For this Subhadra Kumari wrote-

Even then the queen kept walking across the army after getting beaten up,
But the drain came in front, that crisis was immense
The horse was adamant, it was a new horse, so the riders came
Rani one enemy many, attack after attack
The lioness fell after getting injured, her heroic speed was water.

The British soldiers hit the queen’s head from behind and the second attack on her chest. One eye came out after cutting off part of the face, but even in such a situation, Lakshmi disguised herself as Durga and sent the British horseman to Yamlok, but she herself fell from the horse with this blow. This accident happened with the queen because of the new horse, otherwise the queen would have been far away from the clutches of the enemies. Even in the last moment, the queen said to Raghunath Singh that white people should not touch my body. The queen’s faithful bodyguards engaged the enemy and the rest of the soldiers took the queen’s body to Baba Gangadas’s hut, where Baba poured Gangajal into the queen’s mouth and breathed her last while chanting the verses of Har Har Mahadev and Geeta. Baba made the funeral pyre of the queen in his cottage and dedicated it to the fire god. Raghunath Singh kept firing the gun throughout the night to mislead the enemy and finally attained martyrdom. Along with this, Kashibai was also martyred. This day was 18 June 1858. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s poem made the life story of Rani reach from house to house and every street in the whole country. She writes-

She was only twenty three years old, she was not a human being but an incarnation.
She was a freedom-woman who came to revive us.
Was it Lakshmi or Durga, she herself was the embodiment of valour,
Marathas were thrilled to see the edge of his swords
Go Rani, these grateful Indians will remember you,
This your sacrifice will awaken indestructible freedom

This is the story of Rani Jhansi, who fought a lot as a warrior and we all heard the story from the mouth of every Bundele. Remember this, protect freedom.

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