Reservation issue has hurt many other states before Manipur


There was violence in Manipur in 1993 also, when more than 100 people of the Kuki community were killed by the Nagas in a single day. This violent incident was the result of caste conflict. Now once again Manipur is grappling with violence, 80 deaths have taken place.

As long as the political parties of the country keep roasting the bread of votes in the fire of reservation, till then incidents like Manipur will continue to happen. Manipur is burning for the demand of reservation. Violence has erupted over the demand for Scheduled Tribe status to Meitai community. Many people have lost their lives in this. The rioters have damaged a large number of government properties. There are 16 districts in Manipur. Out of which Valley is 10 percent and 53 percent people of Meitei community live here. Along with this, 90 percent is hilly area and 42 percent Kuki, other than Naga tribes live here. Communal violence broke out in Manipur after the Manipur High Court directed the state government to grant Scheduled Tribe status to the non-tribal Meitei community.

There was violence in Manipur in 1993 also, when more than 100 people of the Kuki community were killed by the Nagas in a single day. This violent incident was the result of caste conflict. Now once again Manipur is grappling with violence, 80 deaths have taken place. The case of Manipur is not the first, where there has been a ruckus regarding reservation. Even before this, the country has been burnt in many violent movements regarding reservation. The country has had to pay a heavy price in such violent movements. The country has been scorched many times in the fire against OBC reservation. For the first time in 1990, when the then Prime Minister VP Singh implemented the recommendations of the Mandal Commission, the people of the upper caste community took to the streets to protest against it. Protests took place across the country against OBC reservation. Self-immolation and many such incidents came to the fore in protest. Arson and vandalism took place at many places. There was a lot of violence during the Jat agitation in the year 2016. The agitators had protested a lot demanding the inclusion of the Jat community in the OBC. There was a lot of violence, arson and vandalism in Haryana. 30 people lost their lives in this violent movement. In 2015, the largest protest was held by the Patidar community in Gujarat for inclusion in OBC. Incidents of violence and arson came to the fore in Gujarat. Curfew had to be imposed in the area. The protesters caused extensive damage to government property.

There was a loss of about 35 thousand crores in the Jat reservation movement of Haryana. Till now the reservation movement in the country has caused loss of lakhs of crores. Political parties also compensate for this from the common people of the country. The reserved category is also no different from this. They are also hit by the increased tax to compensate for the economic loss. The Gujjar community had demonstrated for many days in Rajasthan demanding reservation. The agitators blocked the railway track for a long time. Its effect was also felt on the whole country. The police and the agitators had come face to face. During this movement, the incident of firing also came to the fore. 20 people lost their lives in this. The Maratha movement in Maharashtra has been in the news a lot. The agitators had carried out incidents of arson and sabotage in the violent clash. Due to the Nishad reservation movement in Ghazipur, Uttar Pradesh, a soldier had to lose his life.

Instead of development, reservation has become an easy way for political parties to get power. Despite the violent history of reservation in the country, political parties do not want to lose it. There are about half a dozen states in the country who are in favor of increasing the scope of 50 percent reservation, so that their political and social equation can be strengthened. These include states like Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand and Karnataka. Karnataka had also increased reservation. Apart from this, the demand for increasing reservation has gained momentum in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and now in Chhattisgarh as well.

Not only this, political parties have not lagged behind in implementing reservation for the people of their state even in jobs for the sake of votes. Employment Reservation Bill has been brought for the residents of the states. Jharkhand is the seventh state in the country to do this. Earlier this rule has also been implemented in Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bihar. Instead of unity-integrity and harmony of the country, the ambition of political parties to get power in any form has given rise to bloodshed, sabotage and violence. Due to reservation movements, not only thousands of crores of government and non-government property have been damaged, but work has been done to irrigate the poisonous roots of casteism in the country. In reality, political parties are not concerned with the welfare of backward and downtrodden castes. If this had happened, then after 75 years of independence, politics would not have been happening in the name of reservation in the country. Instead of making serious efforts to include Dalits and backward and other communities in the mainstream of the country by implementing special schemes, political parties have fueled the internal division of the country through reservation.

Political parties find this path to power easier. It is a difficult process to implement schemes for the needy. Due to corruption, the benefits of the schemes barely reach the backward and downtrodden. This is also the reason why, along with reservation, political parties have been trying to fulfill their political plans with the help of money power during elections. The amount of thousands to be seized by the Election Commission is proof of this. Political parties have found a short way to get power through reservation. No party is averse to washing their hands in the flowing Ganges of reservation. Undoubtedly, this path may increase social discrimination, bitterness and distance in the country, but political parties find it favorable. It is certain that until the country’s political parties rise above their petty interests and do not adopt policies in the interest of the country as a whole, shameful incidents like Manipur will continue to happen.

– Yogendra Yogi

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