Special Report: India will soon launch Shukrayan-1 after Aditya L-1, Arun Jaitley’s dream will be fulfilled


New Delhi : After a successful landing on the south pole of the Moon on 23 August 2023, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is going to launch Aditya L-1 on 2 September 2023 to measure the heat of the Sun. After this, there is Venus on India’s target. ISRO will soon launch Shukrayaan-1 to know the secrets of the planet Venus. Preparations for this have already been done. Let us tell you that on August 23, when the rover Vikram was landing on the south pole of the Moon with the lander Pragyan, then Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi was in Cape Town, South Africa. After the rover Vikram’s landing on the Moon’s south pole, PM Modi, while thanking the scientists of ISRO, announced that after this Aditya L-1, Shukrayaan-1 would also be launched to know the mystery of the Sun’s boundaries. . Let’s know…

Venus mission was approved in 2017

Actually, Shukrayaan-1 is an orbiter proposed for Venus by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) to study the atmosphere of Venus. It will be launched soon. The mission for the exploration of Venus has been mentioned in the grant of 2017-18 by the Space Department. ISRO had told in 2017 that the government has approved the plan for the Venus mission.

Team of scientists studying interplanetary

Based on the success of Chandrayaan and Mangalyaan (Mars Orbiter Mission), a team of ISRO scientists is studying the feasibility for future interplanetary missions to Mars and Venus. Plans for such an interplanetary space flight are under discussion. After Moon, Mars and Sun, the study is now looking for various opportunities and options for the mission to reach Venus.

Approved in the budget of 2017-18

Government of India has approved it in its annual budget 2017-18. The then Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had approved a 23 per cent increase in the budget of the Department of Space. Under the space science section, the budget mentions mission provisions for Mangalyaan-2 and Venus.

Nasa scientist has also praised India for Venus mission

On a visit to India in February 2017, Michael M. Watkins, director of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, said that he would be eager to put at least one telematics module so that NASA’s rovers and Indian satellites could talk to each other. Watkins said a mission to Venus is very worthwhile because the planet is so poorly understood and NASA would be interested in partnering with India on its first trip to Venus.

Objective of Venus mission

The objective of this mission is to investigate surface processes and shallow subsurface stratigraphy of Venus, which has not been observed before in the subsurface of Venus. Stratigraphy is a branch of geology, in which the layers of rock are studied. In addition, to study the composition and dynamics of the atmosphere of Venus. Also, the main objective of this mission is to investigate the solar wind interaction with the ionosphere of Venus.

What is the importance of mission Venus

India’s mission to Shukra will help to know how Earth-like planets evolve and what conditions exist on Earth-sized exoplanets (planets that orbit a star other than our Sun). This will help in discovering the pattern of Earth’s climate, so that information can be obtained about the possibilities of human life on Venus.

Learn about Venus

Let us tell you that Venus is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty. It is the second largest planet in terms of distance from the Sun and the sixth largest in mass and size.

  • Venus is the second brightest natural planet in the night sky after the Moon. This is probably the reason why it was the first planet to be known for its movement in the sky in the second millennium BC.

  • Unlike the other planets in our solar system, Venus and Uranus rotate clockwise on their axis.

  • It is the hottest planet in the Solar System due to its high concentration of carbon dioxide, which produces an intense greenhouse effect.

  • A day on Venus is longer than a year on Earth.

  • Venus takes more time to rotate on its axis than to complete one revolution of the Sun.

  • It takes 243 Earth days for one rotation of any planet in the Solar System and 224.7 Earth days to complete one orbit of the Sun.

  • Venus has been called Earth’s twin sister because of their similarity in mass, size and density and their similar relative positions in the Solar System.

  • The closest planet to Earth is Venus.

  • Apart from the Moon, Venus is the closest large body to Earth in the Solar System.

  • The atmospheric pressure of Venus is 90 times more than that of Earth.

Interesting facts about Shukrayaan 1 mission

  • Shukra is also called Venus Mission in English.

  • Shukrayaan-1 mission will be an orbiter mission.

  • The mission is expected to study the geological and volcanic activity of Venus, emissions on the ground, wind speed, cloud cover and other planetary features from the elliptical orbit.

  • Its scientific payload currently includes a high-resolution synthetic aperture radar and a ground-penetrating radar.

  • The surface of Venus is extremely hot and has a thick, toxic atmosphere.

  • Shukrayaan 1 can be launched from GSLV Mark-II, which is a heavy satellite launch vehicle. ISRO uses it frequently in its Chandrayaan and Mangalyaan missions.

  • The mission will study the geological and volcanic activity of Venus, wind speed etc.

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