There should be one law for all religions, sects and communities


Prime Minister Narendra Modi, while advocating Uniform Civil Code in the country, has brought this matter to the center of the country’s discussion by saying this during a program organized in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. That some political parties are trying to instigate Muslims in the name of Uniform Civil Code. Two people in the same family cannot have different rules. How will the house be able to run with such a dual system? The Supreme Court has repeatedly said for this. Supreme Court hits the stick. It is said to bring the Common Civil Code. But these vote bank hungry people are putting obstacles in it. But BJP is working with the spirit of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas. The government argues that the purpose of the Uniform Civil Code is to make the personal law of all citizens present in the country uniform, which will be applicable throughout the country without any religious, gender or caste discrimination. Prior to this, the Muslim Rashtriya Manch, associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, had also supported the Uniform Civil Code, saying that the pseudo-secular parties had misled the Muslims, now campaigning across the country from Kashmir to Kanyakumari to make them aware. will be run It should be prepared keeping in mind the interests of the people of the Muslim community. Indresh Kumar, the convenor of the forum, had said that there are many countries, including Islamic countries, which follow one law and order for all. There is a law for everyone. This is happening in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Turkey, Indonesia, Sudan, Egypt, America, Ireland, Canada, Germany, England and many other countries. The Muslims living in these countries have no problem with this. There Muslims follow the same law, yet why do Muslims in India doubt it? Respecting all religions in the country, Uniform Civil Code will be issued. All religions will be respected equally under this law. It is worth mentioning that ever since the Law Commission of India invited suggestions regarding Uniform Civil Code from individuals and all religious organizations of the country, the debate on it has intensified in the country. It was only after the Law Commission sought suggestions on this that the Muslim Rashtriya Manch associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh came out with the statement of supporting the Uniform Civil Code. Now a similar statement has also come from the Prime Minister. Muslim National Forum may have advocated Uniform Civil Code, but pseudo-secular opposition parties and Muslim organizations across the country are opposing it. There is a lot of politics going on regarding this. Muslim organizations say that this will affect their religion and rules and regulations the most. Opponents say that the government has raised the issue of Uniform Civil Code to target Muslims. Actually, the issue of Uniform Civil Code is also being seen in the mirror of religion in the electoral politics of India. And before the upcoming Lok Sabha elections in 2024, the debate about Uniform Civil Code is hot in the country.

It is noteworthy that the Uniform Civil Code is based on the concept of one country one law. Under this, a single law system is proposed for people of all religions, sects and communities of the country, which will be implemented for people of every caste and religion. From divorce to property, marriage and all kinds of things, this law will be applicable. Presently Hindu Marriage Act 1956 is applicable for all other religions except Muslims. In the Uniform Civil Code, uniform law is to be made for all regarding acquisition and operation of property, marriage, divorce and adoption etc.

According to the Indian Constitution, India is a secular country, in which followers of all religions and sects like Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Buddhist, etc. have the right to make laws related to their respective religions. There are two types of personal law in India. First Hindu Marriage Act 1956, which applies to Hindu Sikh, Jain and other sects. The second is the Muslim Personal Law applicable to those who follow the Muslim religion. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1956 made under the provisions of the Indian Constitution for all other religions and sects except Muslims, is being talked about to implement the same code for the Muslim religion as well. But the opposition parties and Muslims are opposing it. The Uniform Civil Code is listed in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution. In this, both the state and central governments have the right to make laws. It is ironic that while Articles 25-28 of the Indian Constitution guarantee religious freedom to Indian citizens and allow religious groups to maintain their own affairs, Article 44 of the Constitution requires the Indian State to It is to apply the Directive Principles and the Common Law to all Indian citizens while formulating national policies. It is noteworthy that the debate for a Uniform Civil Code has been going on in India since the colonial period. The importance of uniformity in the codification of Indian law relating to crimes, evidence and contracts, in the name of reforming local social and religious customs by the British under the East India Company, which lasted from 1757–1858, even before British rule and stressed the need, but recommended that the personal laws of Hindus and Muslims should be excluded from such codification. After that there was a dispute on this matter in British India as well, but like other interests and welfare of Indians, this too was not given special attention by the British rulers. Personal laws in India were first made during the British Raj mainly for Hindu and Muslim citizens with the aim of creating a divide between Hindus and Muslims to prove their owl. It was part of a policy of divide and rule, which allowed him to break unity among various communities and rule India. According to their understanding of religious divisions in India, the British separated the territory governed by the religious texts and customs of different communities like Hindus, Muslims, Christians and later Parsis. These laws were enacted by local courts or panchayats to deal with routine cases involving civil disputes between people of the same religion, with the state interfering only in exceptional cases. British rulers feared opposition from Muslim community leaders Was. So he refrained from further interference in this domestic sphere. The Indian state of Goa was separated from India due to colonial rule in the then Portuguese Goa and Daman. At that time Goa was enacting a common family law known as the Civil Code, and later that law was implemented by Goa in the state. Thus till date Goa is the only state in India to have a Uniform Civil Code. After the partition of India, the demand for Uniform Civil Code has been going on even in independent India. The Hindu Code Bill was introduced, largely codifying and reforming personal laws in various sects among Indian religions such as Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism etc. But Muslims, Christians, Jews and Parsis have been exempted. They were treated as separate communities from the Hindus. Even today they are being recognized as a separate community.

However, the implementation of a uniform civil code across the country has been talked about by India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party since its formation. Rather, its predecessor Bharatiya Jana Sangh has been doing it since before the partition of India. But it has been made controversial from the very beginning. It has been an important issue regarding secularism in Indian politics that has been disputed by India’s political left, Muslim groups and other conservative religious groups and sects in defense of Sharia and religious customs. Nevertheless, after the coming of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government, this idea has gained strength. And BJP ruled states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh etc. are also discussing this. Surely, with the implementation of the Uniform Civil Code, social and economic reforms will take place in the country.

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