Uniform civil code is in national interest


After Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call for Uniform Civil Code, discussion on this issue has started across the country. Even in political parties, some are in favor of it and some are not in favor of it. Goa is the first state in the country to implement the Uniform Civil Code, where the Uniform Civil Code is in force since independence. The Law Commission has also sought opinion from the general public on the same subject. Due to internet facility, a large number of people have supported it by expressing their views in favor of it. The framers of the constitution also had the intention of implementing uniform laws in the country. But due to political reasons it has been postponed till now.

Whether or not the Uniform Civil Code Bill will be tabled in Parliament in the monsoon session of Parliament is not certain at the moment. Apart from politics, religious organizations are also expressing their views on this. The Congress opposed it without delay. While Nitish Kumar kept his opinion safe, Sharad Pawar talked about staying away from both support or opposition. The announcement of Uddhav Thackeray’s support was necessary to maintain his Hindutva image, but when the Aam Aadmi Party showed its consent, people were surprised because these days the relationship between him and the BJP is like a snake and a mongoose. Has happened. Apart from the Akali Dal, Buddhist organizations are also opposing the Uniform Civil Code on the basis of their separate identity. Opposition was expected from the Muslim community, but it is also being said by the supporting organizations and political parties that they will support the Uniform Civil Code only when there is a general opinion of all the parties on it.

On the other hand, when Owaisi raised the issue of tax exemption to the joint Hindu family, many tribal communities are saying that their traditions are their religion and they will not accept tampering in them. Similar questions are being raised about the tribal communities of the North East states. Senior advocate Kapil Sibal has taken a jibe at everyone including the opposition parties that when the format of the possible bill is not clear then why unnecessary hue and cry is being created? But one thing is arising very fast that what is the need of it because no one has demanded it and why this time was chosen to present it?

There is also an allegation that the BJP wants to revive the issue of Hindutva through this so that it can polarize the Lok Sabha elections. It is also being propagated against the Uniform Civil Code that its target is the Muslim community only. But one thing has to be accepted about this that the Supreme Court has insisted on the implementation of Uniform Civil Code in many cases and in view of that, the Law Commission has started the process of inviting suggestions from the people.

Now those who are questioning its need and time, it should be asked that after independence, when the Hindu Code Bill was introduced in 1951, then who expressed the need for it and tried to present it in the Parliament without consensus, Pandit Nehru Why did Dr. Ambedkar do it with the consent of? When that bill was rejected due to heavy opposition, Baba Saheb resigned after being upset. But after the general elections of 1952, when the Congress got a huge majority in the Parliament and in the states, Pandit Nehru divided the bill into pieces and got many laws approved. At that time also the Hindu religious leaders had opposed him.

In response, it was said that the demand for taking steps to improve the economic and social status of women started rising during the freedom movement itself. On that basis, if Nehru had proposed a uniform civil code, then it would have been in line with the claim of secularism. Although there was no secular word in the constitution till that time, but the matter of uniform law was mentioned for all the citizens of the country. But it seems that after the partition, Hindus were divorced, polygamy to keep the Muslims settled in India happy. Provisions like custom, remarriage, succession and adoption were changed for the purpose of reform, but did not dare to tamper with Muslim personal law considering it to be guided by Shariat. While Nehru ji was so politically strong at that time that he would have brought the proposal of Uniform Civil Code, then it would have been called an attempt of social reform in true sense. But it is natural to raise the question why they and the veterans sitting in Parliament could not show the courage to remove the anomalies related to Muslim women. Since then, the Congress has been accused of Muslim appeasement, from which it has not been able to recover even today. Although after Mulayam Singh and Lalu Prasad Yadav, Mamta Banerjee has set new records of appeasement to get the votes of Muslims. This is the reason why a systematic campaign was started against the Uniform Civil Code. Mr. Sibal’s point about this is correct that first the draft of the concerned bill should come in front and after seeing it, decide to support or oppose it. Along with this, it is also expected that the protestors should send their suggestions to the Law Commission so that it can be facilitated in making its report. Although the government can bring a bill directly in the Parliament if it wants, but the initiative of the Law Commission in the direction of creating a general opinion is commendable.

At the time of passing the Hindu Code Bill, hardly anyone would be aware of such an attempt to ask, and that is why there is always resentment among Hindus that the process of changing their customs continued, but in the Shahbano case Even the decision of the Supreme Court was overturned in the Parliament because the Muslim community was angry with that decision. After the ban on triple talaq, Uniform Civil Code is the need of the hour to take forward the reform process. If all the religions stick to the point that they will not allow any custom to be changed, even if it is useless, objectionable and impractical in today’s era, then the question is, how will the country run?

The argument of the opposition that the issue is being politicized is futile. Because for the sake of maintaining the importance of orthodox Maulanas, opposition to Uniform Civil Code will be considered as the worst political maneuver, which is not expected from any political party. After all, acts like reversing the Supreme Court verdict in the Shah Bano case deprive the Congress of its political legitimacy. The opposition, especially the Left, will lose their moral sanity forever when they oppose the UCC while desperately trying to divide the Muslim votes of the Congress. National interest has to be given priority instead of politics on this issue.

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