Why is the Ganga dirty despite all the schemes and efforts of the Modi government?


Another burning question should be that despite the Ganga Action Plan or ambitious programs like Namami Gange and other policies implemented for decades to make the river Ganges clean, how can there be no stop to the drains that discharge such a large number of solid waste or other types of filth even today? Could it be

Despite all the efforts of the current Uttar Pradesh government and Prime Minister Narendra Modi to clean Ganga, make it pollution free and explore the possibilities of economic development, religious faith and tourism through rivers, why is Ganga still dirty today? These questions reveal the secrets of the long-running schemes and programs of the government to make the rivers clean. There is hardly any lapse in making announcements on the part of the government, but it is never considered necessary to look into where there is lapse or negligence in their implementation. The government should understand that it has to not only clean the Ganga, but also set a unique example for its cleanliness and continuity. Only by doing this, a positive environment can be created in the direction of making other rivers of the country pollution free. It may be noted that in the eleventh meeting of the Empowered Task Force on River Ganga ie ETF held last month, it was also revealed that due to the construction of the tunnel in Uttarkashi, its debris was dumped on the banks of river Ganga. When other development schemes of the government are becoming a means of polluting the Ganga, then various chemicals, sugar mills, furnaces, glycerine, tin, paint, soap, spinning, rayon, silk, yarn, etc. It is no wonder that toxic wastes like plastic bags, bottles etc. are found in large quantities.

Approach to Ganga Rejuvenation Ganga continues to be polluted despite overall planning and maintenance to restore the integrity of the river by achieving ‘Aviral Dhara’ (continuous flow), ‘Nirmal Dhara’ (pollution-free flow) and ensuring geological and ecological integrity Is. While the government is working towards abating pollution and ensuring the revitalization of river Ganga by implementing a river basin strategy that encourages cross-sectoral collaboration. It also ensures minimum biological flow in river Ganga with a view to maintain water quality and ecologically responsible development. Despite these multi-pronged schemes, where the Ganga cleanliness campaign has reached so far, it can be gauged from the fact that even today some initiative has to be taken to clean an important river like Ganga. The condition is that despite the guidelines applicable on different occasions, even at least the dumping of debris has not been stopped. The filth from the polluted drains is continuously being dumped in the Ganga. It is not difficult to understand that the problem may not be with the plans or programmes, but due to the carelessness or lapses in their implementation, even a big and very important initiative can be nullified.

Now once again the central government has taken cognizance of the increase in the level of pollution due to dumping of debris on the banks of river Ganga or dumping of dirty water of villages into the river. Under this, the government will do ‘geo-tagging’ by identifying about 2400 drains coming out of 4000 villages located on the banks of the river. The government will install an ‘arrester screen’ to prevent solid waste from flowing through them. This is a measure being taken apart from preventing pollution in river Ganga due to different reasons. Now it can be expected that through this a very important river for human civilization will be able to fill life again. In fact, Ganga has been the carrier of an entire culture, which has seen the rise and fall of various empires, but the importance of Ganga has not diminished. It has also been proved by modern researches that the reasons for the wonderful and miraculous nature of its water are present in the foothills of the Ganges itself. Although industrial development has polluted the quality of Ganga, but its importance remains unchanged. His greatness is paramount even today. Ganga is a complete culture in itself, a complete pilgrimage, the basis of an advanced and prosperous life, which has a glorious history.

Another burning question should be that despite the Ganga Action Plan or ambitious programs like Namami Gange and other policies implemented for decades to make the river Ganges clean, how can there be no stop to the drains that discharge such a large number of solid waste or other types of filth even today? Could it be The main river in India, especially the Ganga, is deeply associated with Indian culture and heritage. The Yogi Adityanath government in Uttar Pradesh, which came to power in March 2017, gave the necessary momentum and direction to the Modi government’s goal of ensuring the cleanliness and purity of the Ganga. In April, 2017, it was announced to transfer the leather factories located in Kanpur and Kannauj to other places under a time-bound plan and work was started on the plan to set up a water treatment plant to prevent industrial waste and waste materials from mixing in the Ganga.

Work was started in the direction of banning open defecation by laying emphasis on the construction of toilets in the villages on the banks of the Ganges. Under the ‘Namami Gange’ project and the National Mission for Clean Ganga, 3,88,340 toilets were constructed in 1,604 villages on the banks of the Ganges and they were declared as open defecation free villages and one crore 30 lakh saplings were planted along the banks of the river. . To make Ganga clean, work is going on fast on 245 projects related to Ghat, Mokshadham, Bio-diversity etc. Work is underway on 170 projects in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar to stop the entry of polluted water into 40 tributaries of Ganga. Another relief news which has emerged as a ray of hope is that the industrial units dumping toxic waste in the Ganges are coming down. Due to the efforts of the government, beautification of the banks of Ganga is also being done on a large scale, which will encourage tourism. Taking a commendable initiative, the Modi government has established the Clean Ganga Fund, in which local citizens and foreign individuals and organizations of Indian origin can contribute financially, technically and otherwise. Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself has given the amount of Rs 16 crore 53 lakh received from the auction of various gifts and mementos received by him in this fund.

Due to various schemes and efforts, the level of solid waste in the water of river Ganga has increased. This is causing problems in treating dirty water in sewage treatment plants. The surprising thing is that in the midst of campaigns like the Ganga Project and other programs for almost three and a half decades, has any new factor to pollute the Ganges been discovered? If not, how did it take so long to identify the problem? About three years ago, it was reported that the government would completely stop the discharge of sewage water into the river Ganga by 2022 and work on this issue is going on like a mission. But the reality is that a year later, more than twenty-four drains have been identified, whose filth and garbage is slowly eroding the life of the Ganga. This situation tells how much the achievements of the schemes run for the purification of this river are actually. This picture of implementation against policies and plans only reflects political will and administrative negligence. Otherwise, what is the reason that in order to remove the pollution of the rivers, maximum emphasis was given on making Ganga clean, but its achievement is not satisfactory even today.

-Lalit Garg

(The author is a senior journalist and columnist)

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