The purpose of celebrating World Hindi Day is to unite Hindi experts spread across the world, to establish and encourage Hindi at the global level and to make them aware of the need of Hindi. Even though the English language is spoken and written in many countries around the world. But Hindi is the language of the heart. World Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 10 January in the series of world days related to Indian identity and existence like World Yoga Day, World Non-Violence Day etc. So that awareness is created for the propagation of Hindi in the world and Hindi is recognized as an international language. World Hindi Day was first celebrated on January 10, 2006. Today Hindi is the third most used language in the world, the prestige and use of Hindi is increasing day by day in the world, but its neglect in the country is a big question. The truth is that Hindi is struggling for its due respect in the country. The result of corrupt and narrow thinking of politics is that English is getting the place and respect that Hindi should get in a nation that has celebrated the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence. The help of English and other foreign languages must be taken, but English should be banned or controlled as the medium of instruction in technology and law and as the language of governance. Even today, functioning of Indian courts in English is weakening nationalism. In the multifaceted and abundant use of Hindi, there is strength of nationalism, there is life, there is progress and there is strength, but in its neglect there is destruction, there is progress and there is degradation.
Hindi is a rapidly emerging language in the world at present. More than 70 crore people around the world speak Hindi language. This is the reason why Hindi is the third most spoken language in the world after English and Mandarin Chinese. Apart from India, people speak, read and write Hindi in Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad, Tobago, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Tibet, Myanmar, Afghanistan and Nepal etc. In 1975, the first Hindi World Conference was organized in Nagpur, Maharashtra. 122 representatives from 30 countries participated in this conference under the leadership of the then Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi. Later in the year 2006, the then Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh had announced to celebrate World Hindi Day on January 10 every year. Along with this, this day is also celebrated with the aim of including Hindi in the list of official languages in the United Nations. On this day, many programs are organized on the occasion of World Hindi Day in all the embassies of India located across the world.
The 22nd edition of Ethnologue’s World Language Database states that there are 6 Indian languages among the 20 most spoken languages around the world, out of which Hindi has become the third most spoken language in the world. Hindi is the official language of India. Hindi, which has cultural and traditional importance, is now continuously expanding its reach in the world. Hindi is the symbolic language of nationalism. In the name of making it the official language and establishing it as a symbol of nationalism, the situation of indifference and neglect in India is disturbing. , is ironic. Hindi, which is gaining prestige globally, needs to be uplifted and not suppressed in the country. With the same speed with which we took initiative towards making Hindi the national language, Hindi is also being neglected due to political reasons, this is the reason that even today Hindi language does not get the place it should have in the country. The number of people knowing and understanding it is increasing rapidly in the country and abroad.
The nation will always remember the efforts of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and former Prime Minister Atal Vihari Vajpayee to give Hindi its proud place. Because by giving a speech in Hindi in the United Nations General Assembly in September 2014, Modi not only made Hindi proud but also made every citizen of the country proud. Despite Hindi having so much importance in every aspect, why is it so neglected at every level in India? The dominance of Hindi is increasing in the world, but this is not happening in our country only reflects these contradictory and ironic circumstances. Neglect of the native language Hindi, nationalism and national symbols is such a pollution, such a darkness that has to be fought in the same way. Apart from being an ancient, rich and great language of the world, Hindi is also our official language, it is also a symbol of our existence and identity, it is also a symbol of our nationality and culture. After the independence of India, on 14 September 1949, the Constituent Assembly unanimously decided that Hindi would be the official language of India. Only after this important decision, 14th September is celebrated as Hindi Day every year across India since 1953 to promote Hindi in every field.
Maintaining the dominance of English even today, especially in the courts, is a big question. In all the lower courts of the country, the entire work is done in Hindi and other Indian languages, but in the High Courts and the Supreme Court, the same work is done only in English. Even judges who know Hindi and other Indian languages get documents translated into English while hearing appellate cases. India and Indian courts need to take a lesson from Abu Dhabi as to what should be the language of justice for the common people. United Arab Emirates i.e. Dubai and Abu Dhabi have taken a historic decision and included Hindi as the third official language in their courts after Arabic and English. Hindi is most prevalent in the life there. All the countries in the world which come under the status of superpower, their mother tongue is used in their government work and courts. As education and prosperity increased in European countries, national self-respect became stronger. Mother tongues are also used in Russia, China, Japan, Vietnam and Cuba. But India, Indian courts and government departments have been carrying on with English even after seventy-seven years of independence, without taking any lessons or inspiration from it.
However, the increasing use of Internet has also shown new paths regarding the future of Hindi language. According to Google, while the speed of content creation in English language in India is 19 percent, for Hindi this figure is 94 percent. Therefore, if Hindi is adapted to the needs of new information technology, it can prove to be very useful in the development of this language. For this, efforts should not only be made at the level of government and non-government organizations, people should also be encouraged to do so at the private level. Apart from this, Hindi speaking people will also have to accept non-Hindi speaking people with open heart. We have to understand their language and culture, only then will they be ready to accept Hindi with an open mind. Be it the national language, national anthem or national song, all these should get respect and acceptance in the entire nation. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and his government should issue such orders so that all the internal work of the government starts being done in Hindi and the direction of freedom from English is ensured. If this happens then it will be an exemplary and commendable initiative towards strengthening nationalism and creating a new India – Strong India. If this happens, the dream of Mahatma Gandhi, Guru Golwalkar and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia will be realized. Only then will Hindi be able to attain its respectable place.
– Lalit Garg